Contemporary Taiwanese Women Writers: An Anthology By Jonathan Stalling, Lin Tai-man, and Yanwing Leung

Even when the behaviors are criminalized and punished by law, the identification of victims is often accompanied by the blaming of the victims. Among the victims, 107 women who encountered sexual exploitation and 58 (54.2%) are immigrants, 49 (45.8%) are non-immigrants.

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article and the Additional file1. Recently, the so-called “decentralization of trafficking” discourse rejects the relationship between organized crime and HT. Perpetrators are believed to be more “free floating”, meaning that the relationship between recruitment, movement and exploitation is much more difficult to prove . First, it might indicate that legal transportation routes are convenient and enough potential victims are available from legal routes. Therefore, there is no need to include multiple traffickers in the HT process.

At the same time, the college entrance exam system decreased the likelihood that women would select themselves into less prestigious colleges or non-university tracks upon graduating from high school. The United States will continue to support Taiwan’s membership in international organizations where statehood is not a requirement and encourage Taiwan’s meaningful participation in organizations where its membership is not possible.

  • The information presented in this article can be used as a reference for women’s health experts and policymakers to develop future plans and programs that promote effective health services and quality of life among different ethnic women.
  • Many are beautiful, sophisticated and elegant in a way that drives lots of women men insane.
  • The potential for violence against women in Taiwan’s immigrant population is almost 24 times higher than in Taiwanese women in general .
  • Th Act of Gender Equality in Employment ensures women’s rights in the workforce.
  • The point is to make taiwan your Taiwanese girl understands your friendships with female friends.

Although Taiwan’s female employment rate is comparable to those in Japan and South Korea, the comparison of overall rates masks critical differences in patterns of female employment among the three countries. To illustrate, Figure 1 shows women’s labor market participation rates by age group for Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea in 2014.

The causes of violence against women are complex and include long-term family pressures, adverse interactions between family members and women victims, socioeconomic status, cultural factors, and family roles. For immigrant women living in Taiwan, a significant cause of domestic violence might be due to transnational marriage.

Given the complicated nature of defining HT, the picture of HT in Taiwan remains an open question. Existing literature in Taiwan and elsewhere have focused mostly on trafficked women and girls from abroad. Our understanding of HT in Taiwan will not be sufficient without considering both domestic and foreign victims along with the current victim identification under the HTPA. In addition, the forms of women trafficking and the characteristics of victims and traffickers must be investigated under the unique gender, labor, and migration policies and practices of Taiwan. However, this problem turned more visible when a new disadvantaged group became the target of exploitation and slavery, namely migrant workers since the 1990s to the present day. From 2005 to 2009, Taiwan was listed as Tier 2 in the Trafficking in Persons Report published by the U.S.

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Women in Taiwan

In recent years, trafficking has become less heard of for Taiwanese women to be trafficked to other countries. Instead, the documented trend is for Chinese women to be trafficked to Taiwan and Hong Kong as sex workers . This study identifies six forms of Human Trafficking victims according to their country of origin, vulnerability status, and means of transport. This study found that women and girls suffer from both labor and sexual exploitation, from mainly domestic male perpetrators. While sexual exploitation is more evenly distributed among citizens and immigrants and affects both adults and minors, labor exploitation seems to be an exclusive phenomenon among women immigrant workers in the data. In Taiwan, policies that promote gender equality in the workplace or family-work compatibility have generally been responses to changes in women’s labor force participation, rather than drivers for such changes. For example, it was not until 1990, after married women’s employment had already increased considerably, that the Taiwanese government removed the tax penalty for dual-earner families.

In another report, namely the Global Slavery Index, Taiwan is listed 152 among 167 countries and 25 among 27 Asian Pacific countries by prevalence of population in modern slavery . The Global Slavery Index estimates the population in Taiwan who lives in the status of modern slavery to be as low as 0.013%. These polarized accounts suggest that the current situation of HT in Taiwan remains an empirical question which is worth exploring. In summary, women’s health needs and demands are highly diversified and complicated.

About this article

In Taiwan, the rates of overweight and obese women are 55.3% and 40.3%, respectively . Ethnicity and age also play a role in the prevalence of overweight and obese women. For example, in the United States, the rates of overweight and obesity among Hispanic (76.1%) and non-Hispanic Black women (78.2%) were much higher compared with non-Hispanic White women (61.2%) . In a study conducted in southeastern Taiwan, two thirds of aborigines aged 20 years and older and 31% of female aborigines were overweight and obese . Researchers found that 32% of middle-aged Chinese women aged 45–49 years were overweight and obese, whereas only 12% of young Chinese women aged 19–44 years were overweight and obese .

Labour rights

The 37 cases are categorized into six patterns of HT according to victim characteristics. Secondly, foreign victims are either legal immigrants (e.g. migrant workers and marriage immigrants) or illegal immigrants according to their entry methods. If legal immigrants who enter via work visa overstay or choose to escape, they might become undocumented when exploitation occurs.

For is nothing more laughable than seeing western guys try to act Taiwanese to get Taiwanese women. This program was effective and feasible, but more research studies with experimental, longitudinal design to verify the effects of this exercise program on Taiwanese women with breast cancer will be needed. In contrast, Japan does not implement a gender quota in the election system, despite that the Abe government has repeatedly set the goal of having 30 percent of female representative in executive positions by 2020.

Moreover, there has been a strong political cleavage concerning relations with China in society. Both conditions encourage voters to focus on party affiliations more than individual candidates, thereby helping women gain seats in legislatures.